You Can Make Your Own Candle
By making your own candles at home, you can both contribute to your family budget and get the kind of decorative candles you want. As long as you do not limit your dreams, it is now easy to make every candle in your dreams. You can obtain your materials from our site at the most affordable and attractive prices and add a different atmosphere to the decoration of your home without wasting time.
2) Stearic Acid ( stearin ) - up to 10% of the amount of paraffin if raw paraffin is to be used.
4) Wick Holder ( snap )
6) Melting pots (for double boiler method; 2 pots that can be intertwined are required)
7) Thermometer (degrees)
8) Gloves and mouth masks (recommended for safety precautions)
9) Mold to be cast
How to Make Simple Candles at Home?
You should cut the ready-made wax paraffin (ready-to-cast paraffin, you can make it yourself using raw paraffin and stearin ), which you can also obtain from our site, and melt it in Bainmarie (melting the materials in another empty container filled with water) method. . During the paraffin melting process, you must prepare your pattern you want to pour your candle should be cut by specifying the length of the wick need fixing into your pattern and wick holder (snap) and should secure the pinch at one end (fixed to keep the wick for the convenience if you wish ready wick can also use). Your mold is ready to pour your candle after you have fixed the wick on the upper part of your mold with the wick fixing rod by placing the wick you have prepared in the center point of your mold, so that the upper part of the wick remains on the center point. Paraffin becomes liquid between 60 and 70 degrees on average, you can pour the paraffin ready for casting into the mold gradually by adding fragrance and color until you get the sharpness you want into the liquid paraffin. (Since the temperature of our melting paraffin is between 60 and 70 degrees, it is very care must be taken, it may be caustic in contact with the skin), after the casting process, you should let the wax cool down to reach a sufficient hardness (approximately 4 to 8 hours depending on the size of the wax you will make), attention; After a certain cooling, you will see that the wax collapses in the middle part of the mold, into the mold, you should add paraffin again to this collapsed part and wait for it to cool completely (a little paraffin must be separated to complete the collapsed parts), after complete cooling, cut the wick from the required part (minimum 1 cm ) you can remove your candle from your mold. Your candle is ready to use.
A candle prepared with ideal materials and wick will give you; It ensures that your candle maintains its same form during use, does not create smoke and soot, does not form ash, provides a uniform and calm burning and creates a smooth burning bowl. For this reason, when choosing the wick, please choose the appropriate wick according to the wax thickness specified in the table below. However, in any case, according to the paraffin quality and stearin ratio, the best wick you want to produce can be found by trial and error method.
A wax should not be deformed at normal room temperature and should stand upright and straight, deformation occurs only if paraffin with a low softening point is used (not to be confused with the melting point of the wax, the melting point is higher). The suppository has no effect on this problem.
Smoke or soot formation is usually caused by the wick that is too thick for the diameter. In this case, the wick absorbs more combustion material than the flame can burn. Smoke and soot are incomplete carbon, due to the oil content in paraffin. In no case should the amount of oil be more than 0.5%.
Ash formation depends only on the presence of non-combustible materials, which are collected in the form of a rope at the wick end; If they form high concentrations, they can form a second suppository. Cotton threads contain almost no mineral particles, but if hard water is used in the chemical processes used, the cause of ash formation can be sought in the roving. The main reason for ash formation is the compounds consisting of lead-calcium-zinc and aluminum in raw material storages, pipes and insufficiently cleaned raw materials. Dyestuffs often cause ash formation. Attention should be paid to the limited use of pigment dyes.
Candle; it should show a beautiful uniform and calm flame. If the flame is cracking, it is because of the moisture contained in the candle or wick. The raw material of the wax should be separated from the water by direct steam after each washing or melting process. The suppository should always be dry and not left in too hot. With a low moisture wick, cracking may not occur, because of the excess moisture of the wick, the roving will have a non-uniform structure; this causes the flame to vibrate. The occasional large and small flame indicates irregularity in the wick, such as thickening knitting defect or double roving.
When a good candle burns, it forms a regular, proportional to size, dry bowl. This is due to the well-adjusted ratio between the candle diameter and the wick thickness. The wax mass melted per unit time should be as much as the amount burned by the flame. If the flame is too small, the melted candle is more than the flame can burn, so the bowl fills up, overflows and begins to drip. The homogeneity of the burning mass and the condition of the candle while burning are also very important. In non-homogeneous mixtures, for example, in a mixture of paraffin and stearin with very different melting temperatures, the stearin particles first crystallize, which creates folds in the shape of the wax, a high melting point cover is formed on the wax, causing it to cool on the sides of the bowl at low temperatures and consequently the edges.
RECOMMENDED IDEAL RATES
Wick Thickness to Use - Recommended Candle Diameter
no: 8 2 - 3 cm
no: 10 3 - 4 cm
no: 15 4 - 6 cm
no: 16 6 - 8 cm
no: 20 8 - 12 cm